what does the eu do

They can question and lobby the Commission and the Council of Ministers. Further information on the European Structural and Investment Funds can be found at http://europa.eu/!RG44xN. The goals of the region include uniting Europe toward common goals and providing aid to developing nations. In areas which do not fall within its exclusive competence, i.e. Such events not only pose a direct threat to people but can also jeopardise food production and create water shortages, which can in turn trigger famine, regional conflicts and mass migration. Enlargement is the process whereby European countries join the EU. The European Health Insurance Card helps travellers obtain treatment if they fall ill while visiting another EU country, while EU law on cross-border healthcare sets out citizens’ rights when crossing borders for planned care. The European Commission has offices (representations) in all the Member States of the European Union: https://ec.europa.eu/info/about-european-commission/contact/local-offices-eu-member-countries_en, The European Parliament has a liaison office in every Member State of the European Union: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/at-your-service/en/stay-informed/liaison-offices-in-your-country, The European Union also has delegations in other parts of the world: https://eeas.europa.eu/headquarters/headquarters-homepage/area/geo_en, European CommissionDirectorate-General for CommunicationEditorial Service & Targeted Outreach1049 BrusselsBELGIUM. Through the EU Internet Forum, the Commission is facilitating cooperation between key internet companies, law enforcement agencies and civil society to reduce access to illegal content online and provide effective alternative narratives to counter terrorist propaganda. These plenary sessions are normally held in Strasbourg, with any additional sessions held in Brussels. The EU stands for open markets, but it is not a naïve free trader. Some 94% of the budget is spent in the Member States, mainly on fostering jobs and growth in Europe, as well as outside the EU on development and humanitarian assistance, while only 6% is spent on EU administration. The European Parliament debates the proposal in its committees. Please click here for the latest information from the European Commission on the coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak, including travel advice. The EU agrees long-term spending plans (known as the multiannual financial framework) which provide a stable basis for implementing the budget over a period of at least 5 years. Around 850 000 small and medium-sized companies are set to benefit from improved access to finance. The EU physical activity guidelines (2008) and the Council recommendation on promoting health-enhancing physical activity across sectors (2013) show how national policies can encourage activity. The EU emissions trading system is a cornerstone of EU climate policy and is cutting emissions from industry, power plants and aviation within Europe cost-effectively. Thanks to the abolition of border controls between EU countries, people can travel freely throughout most of the continent. The production and use of energy account for more than 75% of the EU’s greenhouse gas emissions. In 2017 EU aid of €2.2 billion helped more than 120 million people in over 80 countries. Under economic and monetary union, the EU’s economic policy is based on close coordination of national economic policies. The EU also supports the development and distribution of European films and other content, with the goal of promoting cultural diversity. The EU’s health policy promotes exercise both through the sharing of good practices between EU countries and with interested parties, and through the EU platform for action on diet, physical activity and health, which provides a forum for tackling adverse trends. Following the White Paper, the Commission contributed to the debate with a series of thematic reflection papers offering different options for the EU in certain policy areas: the social dimension of Europe; harnessing globalisation; the deepening of economic and monetary union; the future of European defence; and the future of EU finances. Both institutions aim to ensure sound financial management. The euro, in circulation since 2002 and used by more than 340 million people in 19 Member States, is the world’s second most important currency after the US dollar. In July 2019, the European Council elected Charles Michel as its President for the period from 1 December 2019 to 31 May 2022. It has also imposed over 30 trade defence measures, protecting over 350 000 jobs. The UK had free ports until 2012. 22 Member States are members of the Schengen area, which enables passport-free movement, with five maintaining their own border controls. Sport also provides significant economic benefits and is an important tool in the EU’s external relations. Almost all enforcement of EU legislation occurs within the Member States. The European Union is a unique economic and political union between 27 EU countries that together cover much of the continent. The European Central Bank is an independent institution of economic and monetary union to which all EU Member States belong. The European Council defines the EU's overall political direction and priorities. As a member of the EU, UK citizens benefit from freedom of movement across the continent. To counter these threats, the European Anti-Fraud Office (also known as OLAF) investigates fraud, corruption and other illegal activities involving EU funds, along with serious misconduct by EU staff and members of the EU institutions, and helps the institutions formulate and implement policies to prevent and detect fraud. Its citizens share a currency, a single market and common history and culture. The EU aims to develop this huge resource to other areas like energy, knowledge and capital markets to ensure that Europeans can draw the maximum benefit from it. The EU’s youth strategy promotes young people’s transitions to adulthood, health and well-being, participation in society, involvement in voluntary and solidarity activities, and employment and entrepreneurship. The second section, ‘What the European Union does’, describes what the EU is doing in 35 different areas to improve the lives of people in Europe and further afield. The potential economic, social and environmental consequences of proposed measures are analysed and reported in impact assessments that accompany legislative proposals. The seas and oceans provide us not only with food, jobs, transport and recreation, but also – thanks to research and technological progress – pharmaceuticals, minerals and sources of renewable energy. The second reading is a faster process than the first reading, as only differences between the Parliament’s and the Council’s positions can be discussed, and various elements are time limited. In addition, more than 1 600 European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex) officers are now helping Member States’ national border guards to patrol in places like Greece, Italy, Bulgaria and Spain. The basic principle will remain the same: people should apply for asylum in the first EU Member State they enter unless they have family elsewhere, but whenever a Member State is overwhelmed, there must be solidarity and a fair sharing of responsibility within the EU. More than 340 million EU citizens in 19 countries now use it as their currency and enjoy its benefits. The EU provides relief assistance to the people affected by crises. This message was welcomed by the European Parliament as well as by the 27 EU leaders at the Bratislava Summit on 16 September 2016. Human dignity must be respected, protected and constitutes the real basis of fundamental rights. Together with the European Parliament, the Council is the main decision-making body of the EU. This set of rights is secured by the EU and includes the following. This includes strengthening the rules to protect deposits in case of bank failure. Any European country may apply for membership if it respects the democratic values of the EU and is committed to promoting them. The EU’s policy on sport is now mainly carried out through the Erasmus+ programme. A: No. OLAF also contributes to the development, monitoring and implementation of the EU’s anti-fraud policies, working closely with the European Commission, the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union. The aim is to help European companies to become smarter, more innovative and more sustainable. Climate action is now incorporated into all of the main EU spending programmes, with 20% of the EU budget for 2014-2020 to be spent on climate-related initiatives. In May 2018 the European Commission presented its proposal for the EU’s long-term budget from 2021 to 2027. EU policies encourage the creation of new businesses and support innovative enterprises in their efforts to scale up. Being a European citizen also means enjoying political rights. Through the web portal Have Your Say, citizens and stakeholders can contribute in different ways. To safeguard people from environment-related pressures and risks to health and well-being, EU policy aims to guarantee safe drinking and bathing water, improve air quality, reduce noise and reduce or eliminate the effects of harmful chemicals. It also involves citizens and stakeholders at every stage of the policy cycle, from planning to proposal to implementation to review and subsequent revision. And it has become much easier to live, work and travel abroad in Europe. The transport single market is crucial for the whole EU economy. As the world’s population continues to grow, the EU is playing a leading role in international efforts to promote sustainable development. The EU has trade agreements in force with 72 partners around the world, such as the EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement, which has abolished customs duties on 98% of products, saving EU businesses up to €590 million annually. The European Commission works together with Member States and stakeholders to promote the role of sport and to find solutions to problems facing European sport. It is the only EU institution that can propose legislation (often after a request from the European Parliament or the Council), though it is the Parliament and the Council that vote on it. One example is the Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed that helps ensure that food that does not comply with European rules is removed from the shelves. The EU's left-wing groups will be headed by Spanish trade unionist Nico Cue and Violeta Tomic (at left). the Eastern Partnership: a joint initiative to deepen and strengthen relations between the EU and six. The common foreign and security policy is the organised, agreed foreign policy of the EU, mainly for security and defence diplomacy and actions. Stocks may be renewable, but they are finite. The Council and the Member States examine the legislation in detail; most of this discussion happens in a working group of civil servants. The EU also makes life easier for Europeans who study, work or get married in other EU countries by building bridges between the different national legal systems across the EU. They protect consumers from goods that could be dangerous or bad for their health and protect animals and the environment against plant and animal diseases. More than one million small and medium-sized companies are set to benefit from improved access to finance and the plan has helped to boost EU gross domestic product by 0.9%. Stringent safety standards apply to toys, electrical appliances, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals, and strict rules ensure that unsafe products are recalled from the market. They have been amended each time new Member States have joined the EU. More powers have been given to the directly elected European Parliament, while national parliaments play a greater role, working alongside the European institutions. A further EU initiative is the establishment of the European Energy Union, which will improve synergies with other policy areas, such as transport, research and innovation, digitalisation, the circular economy, and sustainable financing. The Commission monitors the assistance Member State governments give to businesses to ensure that it does not give certain companies an unfair advantage over their competitors. The EU also strives to strengthen mutual trust between the courts and administrations of the EU Member States so they recognise each other’s judicial decisions. For some taxes, such as value added tax or excise duties on petrol, tobacco and alcohol, Member States have agreed to broadly align their rules and minimum rates to avoid unfair competition within the single market. The social inclusion of young people is vital for European society and democratic life. It is also one of the key steps towards implementing the Paris Agreement and the EU’s agenda for sustainable development. The EU and Turkey agreed in March 2016 that irregular migrants and asylum seekers arriving on the Greek islands from Turkey may be returned to Turkey. Our verdict. The European Council, based in Brussels, is made up of the Heads of State or Government of all of the EU Member States, the President of the European Commission and the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy. The staff of the Commission are the equivalent of the civil service in a Member State, and are organised into departments, known as directorates-general and services, similar to ministries at national level. If an item bought in the EU (whether online or in a shop) is different from how it is advertised or does not work properly, the consumer has the right to at least a free repair or replacement. The basic principles of the EU’s food safety policy are defined in the EU’s general food law, which ensures a high level of protection for people’s health and consumer interests, while ensuring the single market works efficiently. Since May 2018, citizens and businesses benefit from strong new EU, The Commission aims to provide citizens with the, The Commission has proposed new tools to help defend people and businesses. Tackling these challenges at EU level will also provide new opportunities in terms of growth and jobs, research, and a more competitive and sustainable energy market. It is not one of the EU's legislating institutions, so does not negotiate or adopt EU laws. All Commissioners are equal in the decision-making process and equally accountable for these decisions. Emergency relief to displaced people inside Syria and refugees in neighbouring countries. New policies and actions can be grouped under three main themes: open innovation, open science and open to the world. Over 620 000 lives have been saved in the Aegean and the Mediterranean since 2015 thanks to Italian and Greek rescue operations and the work of the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, established in 2016. The President can also convene additional meetings to address urgent issues. If certain conditions are met, the Commission reviews its proposal, and explains publicly whether it will maintain, amend or withdraw its proposal. bring creative works to a wider audience in Europe and internationally. A single currency is practical for citizens and good for business, and represents a major achievement of European integration. The European flag; The European anthem; Europe Day; The EU motto; The euro The EU is taking action on climate change in response to changes in the Earth’s climate, in particular the rise in global temperatures due to an increase in greenhouse gas emissions caused by human activity. The EU’s relationships with the rest of the world are based on solidarity and cooperation. The European Commission has made jobs, growth and investment its top priority, backed up by the Investment Plan for Europe. invite the European Commission to make a proposal to address it; pass it on to the Council of the European Union to deal with. It enables most goods, services, money and people to move freely. When we look at the share of the EU's exports going to the UK there is a choice to make about whether to include trade among the remaining 27 EU countries in total goods exports. And it has become much easier to live and work in another country in Europe. save and preserve life, prevent and alleviate human suffering and safeguard the integrity and dignity of populations affected by natural disasters and man-made crises; provide rapid response to emergencies both inside and outside the EU; reduce disaster risks, for example by employing strategies aimed at mitigating the consequences of climate change; improve disaster preparedness, for instance by developing early warning systems; ensure a smooth transition when an emergency operation comes to an end, by linking up with development aid strategies; strengthen the overall resilience of populations, for example by investing in measures to help them prepare for future disasters; and. These are guaranteed by the European Union where EU law is at stake. These values are an integral part of our European way of life: These goals and values form the basis of the EU and are laid out in the Lisbon Treaty and the EU Charter of fundamental rights. The Parliament’s work comprises two main stages. Subsidiarity means that, except in the areas where it has exclusive powers, the EU only acts where action will be more effective at EU level than at national level. The EU sends teams to help out in many crises within the EU and across the globe through its Civil Protection Mechanism, for example: The EU guarantees a range of fundamental rights for its citizens and protects them from discrimination, while the EU’s common justice area helps solve cross-border legal problems for both citizens and businesses. It acts to promote economic growth and financial stability in the euro area by coordinating economic policies. The digital single market will also help drive the economy by ensuring the free flow of non-personal data, investing in digital skills and providing better access to online public services. It is also known as the Council of the European Union. Enhanced trade agreements open markets for EU businesses, and action can be taken to prevent unfair competition from outside the EU. The EU is working hard to cut greenhouse gas emissions and make the transition to a clean, low-carbon and sustainable economy, as well as addressing unavoidable consequences of climate change. The Eurobarometer survey on sport and physical activity shows that EU citizens are not exercising enough. Representatives of the Parliament and the Council often meet informally to try to agree between themselves before formalising their positions. The European Commission proposes legislation on EU customs affairs and makes sure it is being implemented. One cornerstone of the Action Plan is the Plastics Strategy, which aims to make all plastic packaging in the EU reusable or recyclable by 2030 and takes action to reduce single-use plastics. Most people working in the Commission are based in Brussels or Luxembourg, however there are ‘representation’ offices in all the capitals of the EU Member States. For example, in 2017, joint customs operations financed by the European Anti-Fraud Office led to the seizure of 75 million cigarettes, as well as tens of thousands of other counterfeit products. EU transport policy also helps and protects people in other ways when they travel. Sport can bridge social divides, empower people and provide opportunities to develop leadership skills. Following the adoption of an EU action plan in 2012 many legislative steps have been taken to fight tax fraud, evasion and avoidance. On the Have your Say web portal, citizens can subscribe to be notified by email when new initiatives are added on topics that they are interested in or to follow developments regarding individual initiatives. The production of energy in the EU is spread across a range of different energy sources: solid fossil fuels, natural gas, crude oil, nuclear energy and renewable energy (such as hydro, wind and solar energy).. Renewable energy (34 % of total EU energy production) was the largest contributing source to energy production in the EU in 2018. The EU is not simply a single market for goods and services. Every EU country must treat EU citizens in exactly the same way as its own citizens when it comes to matters of employment, social security and tax. There is not as yet a fully integrated EU single market for consumer financial services, which still operate largely on a national basis. The Court has the power to settle legal disputes between Member States, EU institutions, businesses and individuals. The Commission has proposed a deep reform of existing asylum laws in line with current and future needs. The EU’s 512 million people citizens are currently represented by 751 Members of the European Parliament (MEPs), including 73 from the UK. What began as a purely economic union has evolved into an organization spanning policy areas, from climate, environment and health to external relations and security, justice and migration. A voluntary resettlement programme agreed by Member States envisages the transfer of 22 500 people from outside the EU to an EU Member State. Through the single market, lorries can provide services in countries other than their country of registration, reducing the number of empty return journeys. As a result, companies have expanded their operations and competition has brought prices down and given consumers more choice. To do away with the wasteful practice of fishing fleets dumping unwanted fish, a landing obligation is gradually being implemented. Most recently, the budget has also underpinned the management of the EU’s external borders and the European response to the refugee crisis and to the threat of organised crime and terrorism. Human rights are protected by the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights. Economic and monetary union unites and integrates EU economies through coordinated economic and fiscal policies, a common monetary policy and a common currency, the euro. All EU citizens have the right and freedom to choose in which EU country they want to study, work or retire. The EU’s transport policy is focused on creating a single European transport area with fair competition conditions for and between the different modes of transport. To ensure safety in the Schengen area, these countries have stepped up checks on the EU’s external borders and also increased police cooperation. The European Food Safety Authority provides scientific advice on food-related issues to help protect people, animals, plants and the environment. The EU customs union is one of the few exclusive competences of the European Union. Since it was founded in 1957 the EU has grown from six countries to 27. They provide funding to households and businesses, allow people to save and invest, provide insurance against risks and facilitate payments. Reviewing the Commission’s work programme and requesting that it propose legislation. All over the European Union there are hundreds of Europe Direct information centres. make lifelong learning and mobility a reality; improve the quality and efficiency of education and training; promote equity, social cohesion and active citizenship; and. The EU’s role is to oversee national tax rules to ensure they are consistent with certain EU policies such as: The governments of all Member States must agree when it comes to making EU decisions on tax issues so that the interests of every EU country are taken into account. The EU has set ambitious measures and goals to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions. It also seeks to further harness the potential of digitalisation and technological developments to improve consumer access to financial services. Responsibility for employment policies and social affairs is shared between the EU and its Member States. EU action on food safety protects the health of people, animals and plants at every step from farm to fork, while helping Europe’s food industry to thrive. Industrial policy contributes to competitiveness by establishing appropriate framework conditions (such as smart legislation and skills development). The open border allows the free flow of goods and people. First the European Commission proposes a draft budget. This coordination is carried out by the economics and finance ministers, who collectively form the Economic and Financial Affairs Council. The, The European Commission encourages sport organisations to implement. The feedback period for Commission proposals is 8 weeks, after which the contributions are passed to the Parliament and the Council to be considered in their negotiations. negotiates and adopts EU laws, together with the European Parliament, based on proposals from the European Commission; develops the EU’s foreign and security policy, based on European Council guidelines; concludes agreements between the EU and other countries or international organisations; adopts the annual EU budget jointly with the European Parliament. National customs authorities carry out regular joint customs operations with OLAF (and other EU agencies) to stop smuggling and fraud in certain high-risk areas and on identified routes. The Commission also proposed to make it mandatory for internet companies to remove terrorist content from the web within one hour of a removal order from national authorities. Cooperation between EU Member States on sport is agreed through a multiannual EU work plan for sport. The EU budget helps to deliver on the things that matter to Europeans. The EU remains focused on making its governing institutions more transparent and democratic. The EU helps improve the quality of education by encouraging cooperation between Member States and by complementing national actions. Equality is about equal rights for all citizens before the law. The common agricultural policy ensures a stable food supply, produced in a sustainable way at affordable prices for the EU’s over 446 million consumers. This helps to reduce prices and improve quality, encourages innovation and efficiency and creates a wider choice for consumers. Its main purpose is to maintain monetary stability in the euro area by ensuring low and stable consumer price inflation. The EU rules on social security coordination do not replace national systems, but protect the social security rights of people when they move within the EU (and Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland). Bank supervision and resolution from national to EU level, notably competition such! Service that answers your questions about the European Structural and investment on EU customs affairs and sure. Engine is the politically independent executive body of 27 Member States research and innovation are essential our! Advice on food-related issues to help millions of people living in the worst affected communities.! More countries, provide insurance against risks and facilitate payments will also coordinate inspections by Member State to! And green jobs and growth potential and on supporting climate action and the EU’s economic policy is on! 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